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How To Fly Fish Methods Archives

In using different methods in how to catch fish sometimes the simpler is better. One of my favorite fly fishing methods for stream trout is using a nightcrawler on a number 6 hook on a 6 to 7 foot leader. Use a split shot or two in front of the nightcrawler. Use enough split shot to get your nightcrawler down to the bottom where the fish are. Hook the night nightcrawler through the nose.  In using your fly rod fish the deeper pools. Let the nightcrawler drift naturally under undercut banks , under fallen trees logs, in eddys, or in any other cover the trout may be in. Start at the bottom of the pool keeping a low profile so you do not spook the fish. Cover fishing the entire pool spending more time in the fishier looking spots (like a deep eddy). If you experience your nightcrawler is being bit off without getting hooked use a second hook. Tie a pice of line to the first hook with enough length to hook the second hook in the middle of the nightcrawler. (You can opt for a spinner in front of your night crawler such as the one pictured in the photo.)Think of a trout in a deep pool feeding on tiny nymphs. A big nightcrawler comes drifting through the pool very naturally. Do you think a trout might be tempted. In many cases the answer is yes and that is why this method is very successful. Some fly fishing purists may scoff at this live bait method but I am not one of them. Be sure and check your regulations for the stream you are fishing. Some streams ban the use of live bait. For how to fly fish methods add the nightcrawler technique to your arsenal. It will help you catch more fish.

How to fly fish. For the beginner or novice fly fishermen a good selection of flys is a key to success. The fly fisherman needs to be versatile and change flies to match the hatch that is happening on the day they are fishing. In selecting  beginning choices of patterns there are 3 types of Flys

1) Wet Flys that sink .  2) Dry Flys that float  3) Streamers are big sinking flies in most cases. Starting with dry flys some choices are: Black Midges , Blue wing olive may flys, Black quill, Cahill quill, Black midges. For streamer and nymphs some good begining patterns are : The wolly bugger , the muddler minnow, code head rabbit streamer. Different nymph patterns include the rabbit hare nymph, stone hedge nymph, scuds (different varieties). The May fly hatch is a very important hatch for fly fishermen. When the May fly hatch is on like is here in Minnesota about early june it is probably the favorite time of year for trout fisherman. When The main May fly hatch happens roads are covered with May flys. In fact in Hastings Minnesota the bridge over the Mississpi became so slick and covered with May flies that it caused a serious accident. When the May fly hatch comes out the trout in the streams go on a feeding binge to take advantage of this high protien food.  Main May fly patterns are pheasant tail patterns, blue wing olive green drakes, light cahill . May flies come in different colors such as  white , green , brown , and gray. Have an assortment of colors and check what colors you need in your area for the streams you are fishing. For May fly nymphs you are simulating a May fly hatching in a nymph form at the bottom of the stream and floating to the surface. May fly nymph patterns would include copper johns, blue wing olive nymphs , and sulfer nymphs. In learning how to fly fish selecting the proper flies is basic in helping you become a more successfull fly fisherman.

How to fly fish. Matching the match. Turning over rocks in a stream you want to fish sand seeing what insect life is present is the start to match the

hatch. Most fisherment do not go far enough into the stream and they do not realize that most insect life when subject to the current come off the rock before it is sighted by the angler. Also many fly fisherman do not realize that different parts of the stream harbor different insect life. So what you really need to do is to go into the stream upstream where you are going to fish. Say your are fishing a pool and there are your typcal riffles upstream from that pool. Before you go into mid stream in these riffles and dislodge some rock. You need a piece of equipment called a kick net. A net with small mesh netting. Your going to place this kick net downstream where you are going to dislodge the rocks. Once the kick net is in place start dislodging rocks. Observe what is on the rocks and take a few back to shore along with your net contents. Put the net contents into a white tub. This will make viewing the screen contents easier. Once viewed you will match to a selected fly you will fish. We will cover how to select a fly to fish in another upcoming post.

A forgotten and a neglected method for catching trout in streams is using a streamer. Most trout fishermen like to use a dry fly , nymph, worm, or a spinner. Why the streamer is not more popular is hard to say, but it certainly is a very effective way to take trout and particular the very biggest trout in the system. A streamer is a bigger type of fly that sinks slowly and imitates a minnow instead of an insect. You fish streamer in your deep holes of the stream. These deep holes harbor the niche where the biggest trout in the stream live. These bigger trout prefer to feed on minnows (even their own kind trout minnows)instead of the smaller insects. This higher protien diet gives the fish greater size. How to fly fish a streamer. To fish a streamer start in your deeper holes and at the downstream end and work your way upstream to the head of the pool. Keep a low profile to avoid spooking the fish. Fancast the streamer , count down to different depths. In working the streamer , keep the streamer moving , use twitches to mimic a wounded minnow, do not slow down  but keep the streamer moving. Do not keep any slack in your line. It is importatant to work different depths , right to the bottom. For a leader use 6 pound line. We are not going to mess around when one of these bigger trout take the streamer. Play the fish use the bend of the rod to let the fish tire. Once you net the fish release as quick as possible. One thing thats exciting when fishing streamers is the fish seams to come out of no where when it it takes the streamer. The streamer fishing is an exstreamly exciting way to fly fish. You know when you get a fish it is likely to be one of the bigger fish in the stream. Again the streamer is not used by most trout fisherman. This gives you the edge at presenting a bait that the fish have not seen. Next tine try the streamer . It will help you catch more fish.

How to fly fish a dry fly. For those that do not know a dry fly is a fly that floats. A dry fly usually is the insect in it is adult form . Our goal when presenting a dry fly is to present a fly as naturally as possible to a trout. Postion yourself below the trout and off to the side, keeping a low profile so


the fish will not see you. It is better to use short casts to avoid spooking the fish as opposed to long casts that may spook the trout. Use short false casts until the fly is ready to be put perfectly in the spot you want it placed , which is not to far in front of the fish. Fly fishing and the fly rod excells in spot on placement of dry flys. You should use an overhead cast . Your rod should travel in a distance approxiamtely 10 oclock behind you and 2 oclock in front of you. Use your wrist letting the rod bend and power the line back and forth as you let out line in your false casts. You pause as the line reaches and extends the full distance behind and in front of you. Stop the rod at 10 and 2 oclock positions, stripping off line to where you have enough to make your final cast. Do not whip the rod. When you finally cast the dry fly it should float at the same speed as the foam on the water. Watch the fly closely for a strike. When the fish strikes the lure wait a few seconds then set the hook. This gives the fish time to swallow the lure so it can be hooked.  How to catch fish with a dry fly is a must for the fly fisherman. Dry fly fishing for trout is very enjoyable.

How to fly fish. To read a trout stream we will break down the stream into three components: 1) Riffles. 2)  Runs 3) Pools. A riffle is your fast shallow water in a trout stream . It is about ankle deep. A riffle can harbor a lot insect life. A riffle is like a feeding belt carrying food at a fast clip to other parts of a

trout stream. The riffle as you go down stream leads into a run. A run is deeper and slower water then a riffle, The run continues to carry food downstream. Going downstream from run you will eventually leads into a pool. A pool is the deepest part of a trout stream and will hold the biggest fish. Alright how do start fishing the riffel, run , pool? With trout fishing always start downstream and work your way upstream. We will start at the very bottom of the pool. When you approach the very end of the pool keep a low profile , even kneeling down so the trout will not see you or your shadow. Fan cast the pool letting your fly or nymph drift downstream. Slowly and stealthly move upstream in the pool until you have fished the pool. You them do the same with the run. Staring at the head of the pool and the end of the run you work the run in the same method you work the pool. Fancast the run and keep moving upstream. When you get to the riffles you do the same. Keep working upstream until the end of the riffle. What to use. Match the hatch . simply turn over the rocks and note the insect life. Also observe in the stream what is hatching. Reading the trout stream will help you learn how to catch more fish.


How To Fly Fish for Bass

How to fly fish for bass. Have you ever considered fly fishing for bass? If you haven’t why not give it a try?. Fly fishing for bass is fun! Pure and simple. Why do you ask you should you fly fish for bass other then fun? Well there are several answers. Fly rod fishing for bass is at its best when

fishing the shallows , the junk. Fishing lily pads , stumps, milfoil, docks etc. When accuracy is neeeded the fly rod excels. A good fly fisherman can lay a fly or a popper on the same open spot (say in the weeds) time and time again. Anoter big advantage is on calm days when the surface is flat a fly fisherman can cast a fly out on the water with minimal splash. The fly fisherman will catch fish that would other wise spook when using other equipment (such as using a spin cast with a frog or mouse). What kind of equpment is involved for fly fishing for bass. A 8 1/2 foot rod that is graphite is ideal. Use a 8-9 weight fly line and a 15 pound leader. For reels just grap your normal trout rod & reel sto start. To get a reel that is specialized for bass get one with a disc type drag. For lures. I like poppers large cork or balsa poppers with feathers. Flys that are good for bass are the muddler minnow and the Jansens minnow. How do you fish the poppers and flys. Let the fish mood dictate the retrieve. When the bass are in a negative or nuetral mood use a slow pop and stop . When bass are active use a fast  non predictable retrieve. Try fly fishing for bass it is indeed a blast and will help you catch more fish.

Fly fishing for panfish is perfect for the beginning fly fisherman. Perfect because panfish are found in abundant numbers most everywhere in the lower 48. You can find panfish usually not far from home in ponds lakes or even in your city park. No boat is usually necessary but can be of help. The sunfish usually an eager biter during the summer period. The sunfish is a good practice fish for the beginner fly fisherman that will go for trout later.  When panfish bite they will take almost any fly presentation has been my experience. In the spring period using a wet fly (a sinking fly) was may times for me the ticket for taking sunfish and crappies when the standard jig would not produce. Where to go if you are a shore fisherman. Look to the parks in your area that have lakes. The use of hip waders can give you the edge where shoreline is brushy and hard to navigate. What to fish for panfish? Look for lily pads, weeds, fishing the edges of this cover and the open spots. Fish any type of cover which can include fallen trees , docks, pontoon boats. Do not stay in any one spot to long if you do not get any strikes. Keep moving to find the active fish. What to use for bait? I prefer a wet or sinKing fly. The rabbit hare nymph is my favorite. When fishing the wet fly after you cast it out let it sink and retrieve it in slowly. Watch the leader for any movement or if the line stops set the hook. Many times you get a lot of light biters. What to use for a floating lure? My prefernce is for a lure called a popper which is a cork head and a hook with feathers. The popper is very exciting way to fish for panfish. During the summer period when the weather has been stable is your best fishing for panfish on surface lures. Also calm conditions with no wind is ideal causing the surface of the lake or pond you are fishing to be flat. Use your flyrod to help you catch more fish.


How to Fly Fish a Nymph.

My favorite way to fly fish for trout is with a nymph. A nymph is a fly that sinks. The early spring and summer nymphs are generally more effective then top water flies. Trout will lie on the bottom of the stream. Feeding trout on nymphs will rise off the bottom and feed on nymphs and insects.

There are two ways to fish a nymph : 1) without a strike indicator . 2) With a strike indicator (which is a small cork type bobber). When fishing without a strike indicator keep your casts short and the floating flyline out of the water when possible. Watch your line for any hesitation then set the hook. Using a strike indicator makes it easier for the fisherman to spot strikes. Any hesitaion in the bobber means you have a fish. Turn over rocks to get an idea of specifcally what the trout are feeding on. A rabbit hare nymph is good generic nymph to fish (I have found). Try this fly fishing method to help you catch more fish.

(Left picture of a stone hedge  nymph)

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